High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was a United States intelligence agency formed during World War II. It was the wartime intelligence agency, and it was the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Prior to the formation of the OSS (the counterpart of the British Secret Intelligence Service and Special Operations Executive), American intelligence had been conducted on an ad-hoc basis by the various departments of the executive branch, including the State, Treasury, Navy, and War Departments. They had no overall direction, coordination, or control. The US Army and US Navy had separate code-breaking departments (Signals Intelligence Service and OP-20-G). Also, the original code-breaking operation of the State Department, MI-8, run by Herbert Yardley, had been shut down in 1929 by Secretary of State Henry Stimson, deeming it an inappropriate function for the diplomatic arm, because "gentlemen don't read each other's mail".
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Yahoo! Inc. is an American multinational internet corporation headquartered in Sunnyvale, California, United States. It was founded by Jerry Yang and David Filo in January 1994 and was incorporated on the 1st of March 1995. Yahoo! is best known for its web portal, search engine Yahoo! Search, Yahoo! Directory, Yahoo! Mail, Yahoo! News, Yahoo! Finance, as well as other online services such as online mapping, video sharing and so on. It is one of the largest websites in the United States and according to experts, roughly 700 million people visit Yahoo! websites monthly...
Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Hong Kong, with its headquarters and main hub at Hong Kong International Airport. The airline also operates fifth freedom flights from Bangkok and Taipei, its major focus cities. The airline's operations include scheduled passenger and cargo services to 114 destinations in 36 countries worldwide, including codeshares and joint ventures, with a fleet of 123 wide-body aircraft, consisting of Airbus A330s and A340s, Boeing 747s and 777s. Its wholly owned subsidiary, Dragonair, operates to 29 destinations in the Asia-Pacific region from its Hong Kong home. In 2008, Cathay Pacific and Dragonair operated 138,000 flights, carrying nearly 25 million passengers and over 1.6 million tonnes of cargo and mail. The airline was founded on 24 September 1946 by American Roy C. Farrell and Australian Sydney H. de Kantzow, with each man putting up HK$1 to register the airline. They named it Cathay Pacific because Cathay was the ancient name given to China, and Pacific because Farrell speculated that they would one day fly across the Pacific.
Essay from the year 2001 in the subject Cultural Studies - Basics and Definitions, grade: 1 (A), University of Leeds (Department for Communication and Cultural Studies), course: Communication & Cultural Studies, 26 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: After, what has been a `very long, uneven and complicated process and is currently called globalisation', world capitalism and the underlying system of sovereign states have become `the first historical system to include the entire globe within its geography'. The brands, images, and the cultural output of transnational companies of mainly North American origin are flooding almost every part of the world. What George Ritzer has called McDonaldization, `the rationalization of everyday interaction and individual identity' - the principles of a fast food restaurant that `more and more sectors of society are adopting transforms national economies into one global, interdependent economy'. As a consequence, activities, which were previously carried out within a national or regulated international framework, will from now on be carried out globally, in accordance with the needs of the global marketplace, which is steadily growing. By 1980, it was estimated that there were over 10.000 transnational corporations of all national origins, and by the early 1990s more than three times as many. In the media sector the vision or the nightmare of a global business would look like this: one single mega-corp, which delivers down its cable, to our homes, every intellectual morsel (it thinks) we need. The films, sit-coms and documentaries it has made; the news it makes; the information and e-mail services it controls; the chat-rooms it monitors and the celebrities it has made famous. In the following this essay will examine how true this fantasy of total control is in reality by looking at two German conglomerates, KirchGruppe and Bertelsmann AG, which are currently expanding in Europe and the United States. Furthermore, the cultural effetcs of globalisation will be looked at in this context.
The Internet is changing the way people communicate and the way companies do business. At the same time, it is transforming the law. Whether you buy or sell goods and services online, publish information via the World-Wide Web, exchange messages via e-mail, electronically distribute digital content, or make payments online, you will be faced with new legal questions that are challenging businesses and attorneys alike. Written for the layperson, but extensively annotated for the experienced lawyer, Online Law provides clear guidance through the rapidly developing law of electronic commerce. Based on sound legal principles, this comprehensive handbook draws on the extensive knowledge of experienced attorneys at the forefront of today's emerging online legal issues. Online Law provides answers to the toughest online legal questions, such as: What rules govern advertising online? What are the legal issues involved in setting up a Web site? How do you create and enforce online contracts? How can you use digital signatures to facilitate electronic commerce? Who owns the rights to online information? When can you 'borrow' online materials from others? What are the rules for using sexually explicit material on the Net? What constitutes illegal conduct online? Can employers legally read their employees' e-mail? A collaborative effort, Online Law was written by the attorneys of the Information Technology Law Department at McBride Baker & Coles and sponsored by the Software Publishers Association. Thomas J. Smedinghoff, J.D., editor and lead author of Online Law, cochairs the Information Technology Law Department of the Chicago law firm of McBride Baker & Coles, chairs the Electronic Commerce and Information Technology Division of the American Bar Association, and serves as intellectual property counsel to the Software Publishers Association. He is the author of The Software Publishers Association Legal Guide to Multimedia (Addison-Wesley, 1994). The Software Publishers Association is the principal trade association of the PC software industry. With over 1,200 member companies, it has been a leading force in fostering electronic commerce and protecting intellectual property in a digital world.
There is an epidemic of unhappiness in the American workplace. A full 70 percent of workers in the United States report that they are disengaged from their jobs. When asked, 'Do you have the opportunity to do what you do best every day?' only 20 percent of nearly 2 million employees said yes. It is no wonder that 56 percent of all Americans dream of starting their own business. So why don´t they do so? Because starting one´s own business is seen as difficult, expensive, and risky. In this extraordinary book, successful Go It Alone! entrepreneur Bruce Judson explains that the conventional wisdom about starting your own business is stunningly wrong. Using the leverage of technology -- e-mail, the World Wide Web, and the remarkable array of off-the-shelf business services now available -- it is dramatically easier to start your own business. Magnified by these new services, it is also possible to create, for the first time, a highly focused business. Bruce Judson shows you the practical steps that will allow nearly any individual to create a business, often using job skills that seem to require an entire corporation for support. It is no longer necessary to spend time on the tasks that don´t add value. It is now possible to stay small but reap big profits. Go-it-alone businesses allow the individual the freedom to concentrate on their greatest skills. After reading this book, your motto will be 'Do What You Do Best, Let Others Do the Rest.'
Until now political scientists have devoted little attention to the origins of American bureaucracy and the relationship between bureaucratic and interest group politics. In this pioneering book, Daniel Carpenter contributes to our understanding of institutions by presenting a unified study of bureaucratic autonomy in democratic regimes. He focuses on the emergence of bureaucratic policy innovation in the United States during the Progressive Era, asking why the Post Office Department and the Department of Agriculture became politically independent authors of new policy and why the Interior Department did not. To explain these developments, Carpenter offers a new theory of bureaucratic autonomy grounded in organization theory, rational choice models, and network concepts. According to the author, bureaucracies with unique goals achieve autonomy when their middle-level officials establish reputations among diverse coalitions for effectively providing unique services. These coalitions enable agencies to resist political control and make it costly for politicians to ignore the agencies' ideas. Carpenter assesses his argument through a highly innovative combination of historical narratives, statistical analyses, counterfactuals, and carefully structured policy comparisons. Along the way, he reinterprets the rise of national food and drug regulation, Comstockery and the Progressive anti-vice movement, the emergence of American conservation policy, the ascent of the farm lobby, the creation of postal savings banks and free rural mail delivery, and even the congressional Cannon Revolt of 1910.
Lysander Spooner (1808-1887) was an American individualist anarchist, entrepreneur, political philosopher, abolitionist, supporter of the labor movement, and legal theorist of the 19th century. He is also known for competing with the U. S. Post Office with his American Letter Mail Company, which was forced out of business by the United States government. He has been identified by some contemporary writers as an anarcho-capitalist, while other writers and activists believe he was anti-capitalist and even socialist for vocalizing opposition to wage labor. Spooner attained his greatest fame as a figure in the abolitionist movement. His most famous work, a book titled The Unconstitutionality of Slavery, was published in 1846 to great acclaim among many abolitionists, but criticism from others. From the publication of this book until 1861, Spooner actively campaigned against slavery. He published subsequent pamphlets on Jury Nullification and other legal defenses for escaped slaves and offered his legal services, often free of charge, to fugitives. He harshly condemned the Civil War and the Reconstruction period that followed. In response, he published one of his most famous political tracts, No Treason.
Master digital platforms to deliver powerful messages and build your personal brand'In the virtual world, every voice mail, e-mail, or tweet is fraught with the danger of misunderstanding or misdirection, which can be disastrous for results and/or relationships. For those on the rise or recently thrust into this very different world, this book is an exceptional resource . . . and entertaining too!'-Hal Johnson, Chairman, Global Human Resources Practice, Korn/Ferry International'Benton's insights on being seen as a leader remain as relevant as ever, even though the tools with which we work have changed dramatically. . . . The Virtual Executive provides a guide for making yourself and those around you successful in a rapidly evolving, connected, and virtual world.'-Brian Fabes, CEO, Civic Consulting Alliance'Benton teaches us all the protocol for success in a digital age. What worked yesterday won't work today . . . and what will work tomorrow is in this book.'-Rulon Stacey, Chairman, American College of Healthcare Executives; CEO, Poudre Valley Health Systems; author, Over Our Heads'Benton's book empowers you to play at the top of your game-not just in person, but from afar.'-Paola Bonomo, Head of Online Services, Vodafone Omnitel N.V.'A must-read as applicable to the novice new hire as it is to the CEO.'-John Odegaard, Executive Director, U.S. Naval War College Foundation'A remarkably focused tool for the successful executive striving to be better in the digital age. I literally could not put the book down once I started it.'-Stan Payne, CEO, Canaveral Port AuthorityAbout the Book:When was the last time you were in a meeting and every participant was in the room? How many people do you know who work from remote sites? How many e-mails did you receive and send at work today?Blogging, commenting, tagging, e-mailing, texting, video chatting. Everywhere you turn these days, there's a new way to communicate ideas and opinions. Whether you're a C-suite executive or a mid-level manager, you have to be able to move seamlessly among all the available digital platforms in order to communicate your message effectively.In The Virtual Executive, world-renowned CEO coach and bestselling author Debra Benton teaches you everything you need to know to navigate today's seemingly endless choices of social media and virtual communication tools in order to stay relevant in a sea of competition. From videoconferencing, instant messaging, and webinars to LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter, Benton explains how and when to use each platform to:Differentiate yourself from others in the vast digital worldDeliver a clear, powerful messageMake people remember you for the right reasonsBuild trust with colleagues and customersAchieve more than ever-with less effort and lower costsDigital communication isn't the way of the future-it's the way of now. And even more change is inevitable. If you don't face it head-on, the future will be a time of chaos and lost opportunities. But if you reinvent yourself into a true virtual executive, you will make your mark with surprising speed and effectiveness.The Virtual Executive is your guidebook to boldly leading your organization into the future by embracing digital communication platforms, tailoring them to your needs, and using them to build your personal brand for the long run.