Thesis (M.A.) from the year 2008 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Other, grade: 1,7, University of Duisburg-Essen, 60 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: ´´Predictively, any attempt at abstracting from the plethora of relevant publications something even faintly resembling a definition of the ´Dream´ is doomed to failure.´´ Peter Freese As Peter Freese precisely points out, defining the American Dream is a difficult if not irresolvable task. The reason for this is that ´´beyond an abstract belief in possibility, there is no one American Dream.´´ Nevertheless, it is easy to find short definitions in various encyclopedias. In The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language it is defined as ´´[a]n American ideal of a happy and successful life to which all may aspire: ´´In the deepening gloom of the Depression, the American Dream represented a reaffirmation of traditional American hopes.´´´ The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy offers a different definition: ´´[a] phrase connoting hope for prosperity and happiness, symbolized particularly by having a house of one´s own. Possibly applied at first to the hopes of immigrants, the phrase now applies to all except the very rich and suggests a confident hope that one´s children´s economic and social condition will be better than one´s own.´´ A rather short and simple explanation of the term American Dream can be found in the dictionary WordNet by the Princeton University which says that it is ´´the widespread aspiration of Americans to live better than their parents did.´´ All of these definitions describe various facets of the dream, but none of them gets to the point. In order to get an idea of what the dream really is or what it is assumed to be and how the idea of it came up, it is necessary to have a look at American history. The recapitulation in this work will make an attempt to reveal why it is the American dream and how it is related to American national identity. It will give a brief overview of the most important concepts in the history of the country, starting back in 1585 when the first colonists arrived. It will deal with important topics which, besides colonialization and the connected reasons for leaving Europe, are the establishment of the Declaration of Independence, the Frontier and the westward movement, Manifest Destiny all the way up to the Civil Rights Movement and the struggle for equality. Besides, it is supposed to not only show the bright side of the dream but its shady sides as well in order to give full testimony of the idea of the American Dream.
´American English Pronunciation: A Drillbook´ is designed to accompany lecture courses on American English phonetics and language laboratory classes in American English pronunciation at university level. It is equally suitable as a self-instructional program for anyone wishing to improve their American English pronunciation. Part I (Pronunciation Practice) provides pronunciation exercises to be used in conjunction with additional audio material (available on request) or following the model of a native speaker. Part II (Transcription Practice) presents model texts for phonetic transcription. In both parts, orthographic text and phonetic script appear on facing pages. Several phonetic puzzles are also included.
Als praktische Einführung für Studenten des Englischen behandelt das vorliegende Lehr- und Lernbuch die Aussprache der beiden nationalen Varietäten British English und General American English. Dabei werden sozioregionale Varianten - wie etwa die Aussprache in London - mit berücksichtigt. Neben artikulatorischer, auditiver und akustischer Phonetik und Phonologie wird die Diskrepanz zwischen Schreibweise und Aussprache thematisiert. Besonderer Wert wurde auf typisch deutsche Falschaussprachen und auf Transkriptions- und Ausspracheübungen gelegt. Eine selektive Bibliographie bietet weiterführende Informationen.
Sicher im Studium Die Reihe mit dem Grundlagenwissen sämtlicher Teildisziplinen des Studienfachs Anglistik / Amerikanistik Fragestellungen und wissenschaftliche Zusammenhänge des Faches Bietet Orientierung und kompaktes Wissen Einführung in die zentralen Themen und Methoden des Faches und in die englische / amerikanische Literaturgeschichte Für die gezielte und schnelle Vorbereitung auf Hochschulprüfungen übersichtlich und leicht verständlich Zu den Autoren: Vera Nünning ist Professorin für Englische Literaturwissenschaft an der Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. Ansgar Nünning ist Professor für Englische und Amerikanische Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft an der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen. Dieser Band gibt Studierenden der Anglistik und Amerikanistik eine kompakte Einführung in zentrale Gegenstände der anglistisch-amerikanistischen Literaturwissenschaft und erläutert die Grundlagen, Methoden und Modelle der Erzähltext-, Dramen- und Lyrikanalyse. Besonderer Wert wird auf die Vermittlung von Überblickswissen, literaturwissenschaftlichen Grundbegriffen, literaturtheoretischen Ansätzen sowie gattungstypischen Kategorien und Methoden der Textinterpretation gelegt. Die Einführung eignet sich zum studienbegleitenden Selbststudium sowie als Textgrundlage für ein Einführungsseminar in die Literaturwissenschaft.
Drawing on the unique resources of the Oxford English Dictionary and offering coverage of over 6,000 slang words and expressions from the Cockney ´abaht´ to the American term ´zowie´, this is the most lively and authoritative dictionary of slang from the 20th and 21st centuries.
The Anglia Book Series (ANGB) offers a selection of high quality work on all areas and aspects of English philology. It publishes book-length studies and essay collections on English language and linguistics, on English and American literature and culture from the Middle Ages to the present, on the new English literatures, as well as on general and comparative literary studies, including aspects of cultural and literary theory.
Father of the Black Arts Movement, pioneer of the Black Theatre Movement, and figurehead of Black Cultural Nationalism, Amiri Baraka (formerly LeRoi Jones) remains one of the most influential and prolific figures in the world of American literature. This book like never before deals with Baraka´s view of art, aesthetics, and propaganda. It delves into his poetics of self-assertion, national pride, and cultural rebirth. It traces his assault on the English language-the bedrock of the system of signification of American culture. It also draws the graph of violence and profanity translated as veering away from dominative frames and affirmation of subjectivity. The book ingeniously peers into notions operative in Baraka´s playtexts such as myth, history, audience participation, ritual, and ceremony in the aim to discover the potential for resistance and empowerment. This study skilfully effects archaeological diggings to spotlight untapped concepts and shed light on the recesses of Baraka´s groundbreaking theatrical works.
Translating Hafiz: Challenges and Strategies examines to what extent mystical concepts in the poetry of Hafiz can be conveyed in the process of translation. Focusing on three English translations of the great Persian poet-who exercised a profound impact on prominent European and American poets such as Goethe, Emerson, and Tennyson-authors Saman Rezaei and Ali Salami assess the extent to which the translators have succeeded in transferring the mystical concepts in English. This book also investigates the strategies employed by translators based on Lefevere´s strategies of literary translation. Translating Hafiz ascertains how successful the translators have been in rendering these terms in English and which strategy is the best one in translating poetry, particularly classical poetry, into English. This book caters well to the needs of students and scholars in the fields of translation studies, cultural studies, and Iranian studies.
Ecocriticism, as a newly-arising critical method, ´´explores the ways in which we imagine and portray the relationship between humans and the environment in all areas of cultural production.´´ In the context of ecocriticism, degrowth became a more and more important narrative discourse in eco-literature. ´´Degrowth is a rejection of the illusion of growth and a call to repoliticize the public debate colonized by the idiom of economism. It is a project advocating the democratically-led shrinking of production and consumption with the aim of achieving social justice and ecological sustainability.´´ Many environmental literary works feature the topic of degrowth. Joyce Carol Oates´s The Falls is one of them. In this novel, Oates interweaves the fictional story with the real-life environmental scandal occurring in American history, mercilessly exposing the ecological crisis resulted from industrialization, expressing her worry about unbalanced ecology and her critique to developmentalism in American society, and also expressing her optimism to achieve sustainable development in future.